B D E F K L M N P T W

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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Buchanan, Bennie
Biographical note: Bennie Buchanan was a lifelong resident of Caldwell County.
Description: Bennie Buchanan discusses the membership of the Night Riders at Princeton, Kentucky and their activities in the region. She describes the Night Riders tearing up tobacco fields and physically injuring farmers. She recalled a young man named Holloway who was drowned by the Night Riders at a place called Becky’s Hole and when the tobacco warehouse at Princeton was burned to the ground. Buchanan also mentions the Night Riders attempt to burn her family’s home. The interview concludes with her discussing two men that were shot at the court house for a crime they did not commit.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Fletcher, William
Date of interview: 1973 December 28 & 29
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH077
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Paschall, Zollie
Biographical note: Zollie Paschall was a lifelong resident of Calloway County, Kentucky. She was 16 years old and lived with her sister outside of Murray, Kentucky when the Night Riders organized protests over the price of tobacco.
Description: Zollie Paschall reflects upon her encounters with the Night Riders in Calloway County, Kentucky. She begins the interview by discussing her background and family history. She states that the Night Riders had no major affect upon her family but they did create problems for the family of her husband Otry Paschall. She describes how Orty’s uncle, Don Paschall, had his tobacco crop burned the day it was to go to market.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Humphreys, George
Date of interview: 1974 February 16
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH086
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Smith, Marshall
Biographical note: Marshall Smith resided near Birmingham, Kentucky during the time of the Night Riders. Following the raid on the community his family moved to Lyon County, Kentucky.
Description: Marshall “Doc” Smith is an African American who lived about two miles from Birmingham, Kentucky during the time of the Night Riders raid on the community in 1908. Smith describes the raid on Birmingham and what led to the violence. He also mentions the issues of tobacco pricing and the names some of Night Rider leaders in Marshall County, Kentucky.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 April 3
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH089
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Davis, Rube
Biographical note: Rube Davis was a resident of Calloway County, Kentucky.
Description: Rube Davis discusses the activities of the Night Riders in Marshall and Calloway counties in Kentucky during the first decade of the 20th Century. He recalls an incident when he was shot at by a Night Rider. Davis also discusses methods used by Night Riders to prevent the sale of tobacco to the American Tobacco Company.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 April 3
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH080
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Jones, Roger
Biographical note: Roger Jones was a lifelong resident of Calloway County, Kentucky. He resided on his father’s farm during the time of the Night Riders.
Description: Roger Jones discusses how his family was able to sell tobacco in Calloway County, Kentucky during the time of the Night Riders. He recalls how the price of tobacco remained fairly steady in the county after the Night Riders were organized. Jones explains that everyone could work and vote in Calloway County regardless of race. He remarked that Marshall County was quite different regarding race and that African Americans were protected in Calloway County but not in Marshall County. Jones also mentioned the leader of the Night Riders was known to have killed people in the region.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 April
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH084
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Woodall, Kenon
Biographical note: Kenon Woodall was a resident of Almo, Kentucky during the era of the Night Riders.
Description: Kenon Woodall discusses the tobacco situation and reasons for the formation of the Night Riders. He describes activities of the Night Riders in Almo and Calloway County, Kentucky. He also describes the methods used to prevent the sale of tobacco to the American Tobacco Company such as barn burning, scraping of plant beds, tar and feathering of recalcitrant farmers.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 November
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH090
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Gream, Willie
Biographical note: Willie Gream was born in Calloway County, Kentucky in 1892. He moved away from Kentucky for about forty years to work for the railroad. He returned to Calloway County to become a part-time farmer and brick layer.
Description: Willie Gream recalls meeting members of the Night Riders in Calloway County, Kentucky. Not one of them spoke to him but he did notice many of them were riding grey mules. He further discusses the activities of the Night Riders, such as scrapping tobacco plants. He remembers that the Night Riders wanted to raise the price of tobacco and that they tarred and feathered those who opposed their ideologies. Gream also discussed the fact that he was never bothered by the Night Riders since he was a member of the “Association” and worked at an “Association” tobacco farm. He briefly mentioned that the Night Riders did not harass African Americans in Calloway County but offered no reasons why.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 November 19
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH081
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Curd, Stafford
Biographical note: Sanford Curd was born in Dexter, Kentucky, on April 26, 1900. As a young boy, he worked on his father’s farm processing tobacco near Dexter. Curd’s father was on the jury that tried members of the Night Riders at Murray, Kentucky. Curd traveled all over the United States with a road construction crew but returned to Dexter years later. He also owned a barber shop in Murray.
Description: Sanford Curd discusses events told to him by his father, Lander Curd, about the Night Riders and the criminal trials associated with the group at Murray, Kentucky. Lander Curd was a strong association man who only sold only within the association and was never directly affected by the Night Riders.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Ryan, John
Date of interview: 1974 April 3
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH079
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Jennings, Kirby
Biographical note: Kirby Jennings was the owner and editor of the Murray Democrat newspaper of Murray Kentucky from 1950s to 1975.
Description: Kirby Jennings discusses articles located in the Murray Democrat related to the Night Riders of Calloway County, Kentucky. He mentions a letter that states Felix G. Ewing was the founder of the Night Riders. Jennings describes how the Night Riders never initiated any violence in Calloway County and that they were principally a non-violent organization. He discusses the governor sending military troops to Murray, Kentucky to maintain order. He concludes by telling a story of Jake Ellis, the only man to be charged with being a Night Rider in Calloway County.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 September 19
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH082
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Cummings, Ralph
Biographical note: Ralph Cummings was a lifelong resident of Caldwell County, Kentucky.
Description: Ralph Cummings discusses the activities of Night Riders in Caldwell County, Kentucky during the first decade of the 20th Century. He declares that the Night Riders focused on white men who were not taking care of their families. He once recalled a man not having enough wood cut for his family, so the Night Riders made him cut wood at night. The Night Riders also made sure that farmers took care of their horses and mules by making sure the animals were placed in barns, brushed and properly fed. Cummings also mentions that he knew of a man that was shot when he threatened to turn over names of members.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Fletcher, William
Date of interview: 1973 December 28
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH078
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Jones, Grace
Biographical note: Grace Jones was born and raised in Pottertown, Kentucky. She was a housewife and teacher in Marshall County, Kentucky.
Description: Grace Jones discusses the activities of the Night Riders in Marshall County, Kentucky. She recalls the names of the leaders in the Night Riders and the names of those that were frequently targeted by the organization. She mentions a group called “Law and Order” which was formed to counter the violence of the Night Riders. Jones also tells how the Night Riders promoted the organization and acquired members.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 April
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH083
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Smith, Gracie
Biographical note: Gracie Smith was a child when the Night Riders raided the Birmingham community of Marshall County, Kentucky in 1908.
Description: Gracie Smith was a child during the time the Knight Riders raided the Birmingham community of Marshall County, Kentucky. Her recollections are based upon personal experiences and hearsay from relatives. Smith describes the Night Riders attempts to force African Americans to leave Birmingham. She recalls guns being fired and raiders roaming the streets. Smith stated that she was never personally harassed by the Night Riders. She does mention a man named John Scrubs, whom she believed was killed by members of the Night Riders.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 April
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH088
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Magness, Connie
Biographical note: Connie Magness was a lifelong resident of Calloway County, Kentucky. He was a child living on his father’s farm during the era of the Night Riders.
Description: Connie Magness initially explains that he never was informed nor witnessed any racism in Marshall or Calloway County, Kentucky during the time of the Night Riders. He also discusses how the Night Riders would scrape the tobacco plant beds. He also mentions the “Law and Order” society formed against the Night Riders.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 November 20
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH085
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: Night Riders - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Perry, Arthur
Biographical note: Arthur Perry resided in Almo, Kentucky during the time of the Night Riders.
Description: Arthur Perry discusses his experiences with the Night Riders in Calloway County, Kentucky. He states that he belonged to the “Association” so he was never targeted by the Night Riders. He mentions a few men he knew that were members of the Night Riders. He also recalled that the Night Riders never harassed African Americans in Calloway County.
Descriptors: Night Riders (Group) -- History.
Interviewed by: Jones, Susan
Date of interview: 1973 April
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH087
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.