B D E F K L M N P T W

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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Colston, Howard (part 2)
Biographical note: Howard Colston was born in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky. He resided, except for a brief period of time when he worked elsewhere, in the area until the Tennessee Valley Authority purchased his property. He was a lifelong member of the Ferguson Springs Baptist Church.
Description: Howard Colston discusses his recollections as a member of the Ferguson Springs Baptist Church at Benton, Kentucky. He recalls his baptism, tent revivals, business meetings, styles of preaching and other church activities. He also offers a visual description of the church, the church ministers and interesting members of the congregation.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1977 May 3
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH041
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Payne, Rowena
Biographical note: Rowena Payne was a resident of the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky for over thirty years. She was born in Cadiz, Kentucky in 1898. She relocated with her family to the Land Between the Lakes area in 1902. Her father farmed the “Barber Place”. She was educated at the Hematite School and after graduation became a teacher. She taught at Ferguson Spring and Trigg Furnace. Payne eventually quit teaching to start a business at Sardis, Kentucky.
Description: Rowena Payne discusses foreign immigrants who settled the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky during the early part of the 20th Century. She describes the history of several communities and how they became named and the Night Rider raids on Rockcastle and Birmingham. Payne also recalls stories her parents and grandparents told regarding the Civil War, the educational system in the region and the evolution of her business at Sardis.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 28
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH066
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Miller, Floy
Biographical note: Floy Miller was born in 1895 near Golden Pond, Kentucky. Miller grew up on her father’s farm and attended public schools at Golden Pond and Fenton. She later studied at Bowling Green State Teachers College. After receiving her teaching certificate in 1915, she taught at the Pleasant Valley School in Livingston County. In 1921, Miller decided to quit teaching and relocated outside of the Land Between the Lakes region. She briefly reflects on the Night Rider raids of 1907 and 1908.
Description: Floy Miller, who was a resident of the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky for over twenty-six years, discusses her experiences during the early part of the 20th Century. She describes former residents of Golden Pond and their occupations, the problems associated with transportation and communication in the region and significant incidents that affected her life. She also mentions the river boats, local churches and the general stores.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 June 29
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH059
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Bleidt, George (part 1)
Biographical note: George Bleidt was born in Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky in 1911. He resided near what was Bleidt, Kentucky prior to the purchase of the Land Between the Lakes. Bleidt attended school at Cumberland, Kentucky and later attended high school in Cadiz, Kentucky. He later worked for the United States Geological Survey in Western Kentucky.
Description: George Bleidt was the postmaster and funeral director for the city of Golden Pond, Kentucky. He discusses how the Tennessee Valley Authority was founded and how it affected the life of the people along the Cumberland and Tennessee Valleys. He describes the positive and negative effects of the Tennessee Valley Authority and how the people of the region received the idea of a wildlife refuge in what is now known as the Land Between the Lakes.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry & Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 9 & 1979 June 22
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH037
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Wallace, Geneva (part 1)
Biographical note: Geneva Wallace grew up on a small farm in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky. She attended a one room school at Woodson Chapel and graduated Cadiz High School in 1926. After graduation, she attended Murray State College and two years later received a certificate to teach high school. She obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from Murray State College in 1932.
Description: Geneva Wallace discusses her teaching career, the schools where she was employed and the various subjects she taught. She describes how the Tennessee Valley Authority formed the Land Between the Lakes region and how it affected the lives of the people that resided there for generations. She also details the effects of relocation on her and her husband.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry
Date of interview: 1976 March 15
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH072
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Hortin, L. J. (Loren Joseph) (part 2)
Biographical note: Loren Joseph Horton was born at Albion, Illinois in 1904. He attended McKendree College at Lebanon, Illinois and graduated in 1927. After graduation he taught at various high schools in Illinois and worked as a reporter for the Saint Louis Post-Dispatch. In 1928, he was hired as a faculty member at Murray State Normal School as an instructor of journalism. From 1930 to 1947, he was a staff writer for the Associated Press, Louisville Courier-Journal and Paducah Sun-Democrat. He acquired a Master of Arts degree from Murray State College in 1943. In 1947, he became director of the School of Journalism at Ohio University in Athens, Ohio. Horton returned to Murray State in 1967 and acted as head of the journalism program until his retirement in 1974. Between 1928 and 1938, he was a member of the Executive Committee of the Lower Tennessee Valley Association, which sought to construct a dam on the lower Tennessee River. He also was the manager of the City Chamber of Commerce at Murray from 1934 to 1938. He was elected into the Kentucky Journalism Hall of Fame in 1981 and received honorary doctorates from McKendree College and Murray State University. He died on November 27, 1992.
Description: L. J. Hortin served as an executive officer of the Lower Tennessee Valley Association from 1928 to 1938. He recites a history of the Lower Tennessee Valley Association, why it was formed and what it accomplished. He remarked that the Association was not officially connected with the Tennessee Valley Authority and that the Lower Tennessee Valley Association preceded the Tennessee Valley Authority. He believes that the hardest job of the LTVA was pressuring the TVA into building a dam in Kentucky. He reviewed the tactics the organization used to construct a dam and recalls the happiest day in his life was when he received word from Senator Alben Barkley that the amendment for a dam at Gilbertsville, Kentucky had been passed. The LTVA had a membership of about 800 and had its last official meeting at the dedication of Barkley Bam, although regular meetings ceased in 1947.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry
Date of interview: 1976 February 20
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH052
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Martin, Homer
Biographical note: Homer Martin was born on April 4, 1898 at Standing Rock in Stewart County, Tennessee. He relocated to Fort Henry in 1928, where he later co-owned and operated the Fort Henry General Store. Due to the Great Depression and their liberal extension of credit to customers, the store was unable to rebound financially and went bankrupt in 1943. When the Fort Henry community was relocated to higher ground following the creation of the Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area, the Martin’s reopened the general store which remained in operation until 1966.
Description: Homer Martin discusses the role of a general store in rural Tennessee during the first half of the 20th Century. He provides information on the inventory of a general store, dealing with the various sellers and suppliers and observing buying patterns of the regions populace. He also describes the importance of a general store to community affairs and social functions in a small southern town.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 October 15
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH060
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Ryan, Beulah (part 2)
Biographical note: Beulah Ryan was born in 1893 on a farm near the Cumberland River. Her family relocated to the Land Between the Lakes region in 1904. She resided at Golden Pond until her marriage in 1912. She was a member of the Golden Pond Baptist Church, which her father helped found in 1905. Ryan was an active member of the church where she was a Sunday school teacher and played the piano during services.
Description: Beulah Ryan discusses her experiences in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky from the turn of the century to the latter part of the 20th Century. She describes in detail various aspects of life on a rural Kentucky farm, area churches and religious events. Ryan also recalls stories told to her regarding the Civil War, the Night Riders, the making of illegal whiskey and food production and preservation in the Land Between the Lakes area.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 2 & 1976 July 7
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH067
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: DeLime, John L. (part 2)
Biographical note: Wade Cunningham was a Baptist preacher from Trigg County, Kentucky. He was born in Trigg County in 1905. He preached a number oJohn L. DeLime was employed by the National Park Service in Kentucky, Florida, Virginia, Louisiana and Tennessee from 1946 until his retirement.
Description: John L. DeLime discusses his job at the Land Between the Lakes Wildlife Refuge. He recalls the Refuge starting in 1937 and offers a brief history. DeLime began employment in 1946. His duties included trapping deer and turkey and relocating them to other parts of Kentucky to rebuild wildlife populations. He mentions other wildlife in the park such as bobcat, beaver, mink and fox. He also explains their activities and habits. DeLime departed the region in 1950.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry
Date of interview: 1979 June 14
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH043
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Newton, Euen
Biographical note: Euen Newton was a resident of the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky for over 80 years. Her family lived in the area for over 100 years.
Description: Euen Newton discusses living on a farm in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky during the early half of the 20th Century. She describes the different houses she resided at and the farm animals her family owned. Newton offers recollections on local communities, farming and stories told to her about the Civil War, the Night Riders, and the Klu Klux Klan. She mentions the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Corps of Engineers and the influence of other government agencies on the region. She also tells of an incident where a black youth was killed by a mob.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry
Date of interview: 1975 September 21
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH065
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Bleidt, George (part 3)
Biographical note: George Bleidt was born in Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky in 1911. He resided near what was Bleidt, Kentucky prior to the purchase of the Land Between the Lakes. Bleidt attended school at Cumberland, Kentucky and later attended high school in Cadiz, Kentucky. He later worked for the United States Geological Survey in Western Kentucky.
Description: George Bleidt was the postmaster and funeral director for the city of Golden Pond, Kentucky. He discusses how the Tennessee Valley Authority was founded and how it affected the life of the people along the Cumberland and Tennessee Valleys. He describes the positive and negative effects of the Tennessee Valley Authority and how the people of the region received the idea of a wildlife refuge in what is now known as the Land Between the Lakes.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry & Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 9 & 1979 June 22
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH037
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Wilson, Lucil
Biographical note: Lucil Wilson was born on a farm near Eddyville, Kentucky in 1928. She was raised in the Bethlehem community and attended the Wake School and later Eddyville High School. Upon graduation she began teaching at the Wake School and then at Golden Pond, Kentucky.
Description: Lucil Wilson discusses the educational system in the Land Between the Lakes region in Kentucky at both the elementary and secondary levels. She describes attending a one room school as a child and compares that experience with other educational institutions throughout her teaching career. She recalls the schools at Cadiz, Kentucky and the qualification requirements needed for a teachers’ certificate in the early 1940s. She reflects upon her school work and activities, along with her goals and responsibilities as an educator. Wilson concludes by describing her husband’s general store, purchasing store items on credit, bartering and local hucksters.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 2
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH076
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Hamilton, Thomas (part 2)
Biographical note: Thomas Hamilton was born in Marshall County, Kentucky in 1896. He lived in the Land Between the Lakes region on his family farm on the banks of the Tennessee River. He dropped out of school in the fourth grade and spent most of his youth hunting and working on his father’s farm. As a young man Hamilton worked as a migrant worker and was employed in other states in the American southeast. He returned to Kentucky and bought a farm at Birmingham where he continued to farm until his retirement.
Description: Thomas Hamilton discusses farming and farm life from 1910 to 1970. He recalls his early experiences as a farmer and discloses methods and equipment used during the first half of the 20th Century. He explains marketing techniques and the agitation that arose over low prices. Hamilton describes social events, transportation and domestic life in the region. He also offers a detailed account of his trips to the cotton and rice fields of Alabama and Mississippi to find work. He is also mentions the Night Riders and the Moonshine industry in the Land Between the Lakes region.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 June 28
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH048
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Joyce, Thelbert (part 2)
Biographical note: Thelbert Joyce was born in Trigg County, Kentucky at Golden Pond on July 30, 1918. He resided in Trigg County, Kentucky his most of his life. He was a member of the Ferguson Springs Baptist Church.
Description: Thelbert Joyce discusses the following topics; the origin of the community names of Jenny Ridge and Fungo; the history of Ferguson Springs Baptist Church; early funeral services and hearses; description of coffins; tilling corn; cleaning and dressing corps; outdoor baptizing; revivals; preaching styles; hard-shell debates; excommunication; old magistrate laws; ministers working outside the church; ordaining ministers; closed communion; wine and blackberry juice for communion; the alter of prayer; and the effect of sugar Whiskey on the church and community.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1976 November 22
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH054
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Askew, Winnie
Biographical note: Winnie Herndon Askew was born in September of 1919 in Trigg County, Kentucky. She was a daughter of a share cropper. She lived in various locations on the Land Between the Lakes, including Model, Tennessee and the area adjoining Bethlehem Church, Tennessee. She and her husband, Thomas Askew, farmed the area of land where the present buffalo range is located at the national park.
Description: Winnie Askew explores the routines and attitudes that marked the daily life of a homemaker during the 1940s on the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky. She recalls chores such as doing laundry, washing dishes, ironing and processing vegetables and fruit for storage. She also details gardening practices and the insects and pests with which confronted gardeners. Of particular interest are her recollections of how pillows were made, how materials were dyed and several other home crafts. She also discusses home remedies and provides incites into some of the social structures associated with women living and working on the Land Between the Lakes.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 September 24
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH035
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Lancaster, Helen (part 1)
Biographical note: Helen Lancaster was born January 12, 1913 in the Snyder community of Stewart County, Tennessee. She graduated Dover High School and attended Murray State Teachers College for two years. She taught at the Blue Spring School and later served as principal at the Tharpe School in the Land Between the Lakes area of Stewart County, Tennessee. Her father, Emanuel Spiceland, was both a general store owner and a teacher.
Description: Helen Lancaster discusses teaching and social conditions in the Land Between the Lakes region of Tennessee from the 1920s to the 1950s. She recalls the competition for teaching assignments, living arrangements for rural teachers, the student enrollments of rural schools and the salaries of teachers. She also describes her subsequent teaching appointments, responsibilities as principal at the Tharpe School and comments on the decline of enrollment in rural schools. She also discussed warnings given by certain community members to her grandfather to stop boarding African-Americans at his home and litigations against Tennessee Valley Authority prior to the creation of the Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 November 22
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH056
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Wallace, Geneva (part 2)
Biographical note: Geneva Wallace grew up on a small farm in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky. She attended a one room school at Woodson Chapel and graduated Cadiz High School in 1926. After graduation, she attended Murray State College and two years later received a certificate to teach high school. She obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from Murray State College in 1932.
Description: Geneva Wallace discusses her teaching career, the schools where she was employed and the various subjects she taught. She describes how the Tennessee Valley Authority formed the Land Between the Lakes region and how it affected the lives of the people that resided there for generations. She also details the effects of relocation on her and her husband.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry
Date of interview: 1976 March 15
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH072
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: DeLime, John L. (part 1)
Biographical note: Wade Cunningham was a Baptist preacher from Trigg County, Kentucky. He was born in Trigg County in 1905. He preached a number of years at the Cumberland Baptist Church at Cumberland, Kentucky pJohn L. DeLime was employed by the National Park Service in Kentucky, Florida, Virginia, Louisiana and Tennessee from 1946 until his retirement.
Description: John L. DeLime discusses his job at the Land Between the Lakes Wildlife Refuge. He recalls the Refuge starting in 1937 and offers a brief history. DeLime began employment in 1946. His duties included trapping deer and turkey and relocating them to other parts of Kentucky to rebuild wildlife populations. He mentions other wildlife in the park such as bobcat, beaver, mink and fox. He also explains their activities and habits. DeLime departed the region in 1950.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry
Date of interview: 1979 June 14
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH043
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Nance, Nancy (part 1)
Biographical note: Nancy Nance was born at Standing Rock in Stewart County, Tennessee on October 19, 1899. She attended the Mulberry Hill School near Kentucky Lake. She married and relocated near Fort Henry, Tennessee in 1922 where her husband owned and operated a farmed.
Description: Nancy Nance discusses the various customs, activities and attitudes that marked the family life of a young woman in the Land Between the Lakes region of Tennessee. Her recollections include comments on courting practices, quilting, church events and various home remedies. She delineates what chores were expected of women, as well as which events and entertainment programs were specifically for women. She also discusses gardening practices, weaving, candle making and other crafts learned from earlier generations of her family.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 September 16
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH064
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Watson, G. C. (part 2)
Biographical note: G. C. Watson resided in the Land Between the Lakes region of Tennessee from 1936 to 1967. He played an active role in the social and political affairs of the Nevil’s Creek community of Stewart County, Tennessee. In 1936, he purchased the inventory of the Cherry General Store, which he later owned and operated until 1967. The same year he purchased the store, Watson was elected magistrate for Stewart County’s Eighth District.
Description: G. C. Watson a local historian from the Land Between the Lakes region of Tennessee discusses the financial aspects of owning a small business, population dynamics and social customs of the lake communities. In addition to commenting on the history of the Stewart family, Watson provided details on the mill at Tharp, bootleggers in Stewart County and information on historical buildings and sites on the Land between the Lakes.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 18 October 1976
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH073
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Burd, John H.
Biographical note: John Burd was born in Graves County, Kentucky in 1905. He and his brother, Eddie Burd, were associated with distilling whisky during the prohibition era. During his youth he had learned the method to produce and sell moonshine. After his brother was shot and killed near Dublin, Kentucky in 1926, he made regular trips to the Land Between the Lakes to obtain drinking whiskey.
Description: John Burd discusses his activities as a moonshine runner during the prohibition era in Graves and Trigg Counties, Kentucky.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 August 18
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH040
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Colston, Howard (part1)
Biographical note: Howard Colston was born in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky. He resided, except for a brief period of time when he worked elsewhere, in the area until the Tennessee Valley Authority purchased his property. He was a lifelong member of the Ferguson Springs Baptist Church.
Description: Howard Colston discusses his recollections as a member of the Ferguson Springs Baptist Church at Benton, Kentucky. He recalls his baptism, tent revivals, business meetings, styles of preaching and other church activities. He also offers a visual description of the church, the church ministers and interesting members of the congregation.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1977 May 3
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH041
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Joyce, Otis
Biographical note: Otis Joyce was born in Golden Pond, Kentucky. He was raised in the Land Between the Lakes area of Kentucky and lived there until his property was purchased by the Tennessee Valley Authority. He resided at Hemitite until the Tennessee Valley Authority purchased his property. Joyce and his wife were active members of the Hemitite Methodist Church in Center Furnace, Kentucky.
Description: Otis Joyce discusses the following topics: the method of membership in the Methodist church; the Methodist mode of sprinkling or pouring; baptism by emersion; church members being embalmed after 1930; opening the church doors; six week revivals; visiting ministers; homecoming; ministers being sent by the conference; comparisons between Methodist and Baptist preaching styles; the church offering; communion; the alter of prayer; Sunday afternoon dinners and fellowship; business meetings; care of the combined parsonage; and the quarterly conference of the four churches in the region.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1976 November 22
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH053
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Martin, Sallie (part 2)
Biographical note: Sallie Martin was born in Stewart County, Tennessee in 1901. She resided at the Standing Rock community and began teaching at Stewart County High School in 1919 at the age of eighteen. She later relocated to Murray, Kentucky and enrolled at Murray State Teachers College. After receiving her degree she returned to Tennessee and taught at Fort Henry and Dover until her retirement in 1966.
Description: Sallie Martin discusses her experiences as a social sciences teacher and teacher-principal at Dover Elementary School. She recalls administrative and employment practices, classroom methods and school activities. Her recollections of individual experiences with children are interwoven with descriptions of physical school facilities and teaching aids.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 October 15
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH061
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Moseley, Mark H.
Biographical note: Mark H. Moseley was born in Hancock County, Kentucky in 1921. He graduated from Indiana University in 1944 and later attended medical school at the University of California. During the Second World War he was involved in the Manhattan Project. He relocated to Eddyville, Kentucky in 1949, where he maintained a medical practice for over forty years.
Description: Mark H. Moseley was an avid scholar of history. He interviewed many people in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky during the 1950s and 1960s. He describes early medical practices, the pioneer doctors and the pathology unique to the region. He also discusses of the iron industry, the Hillman’s and the Night Riders.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 August 10
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH063
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Bleidt, George (part 2)
Biographical note: George Bleidt was born in Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky in 1911. He resided near what was Bleidt, Kentucky prior to the purchase of the Land Between the Lakes. Bleidt attended school at Cumberland, Kentucky and later attended high school in Cadiz, Kentucky. He later worked for the United States Geological Survey in Western Kentucky.
Description: George Bleidt was the postmaster and funeral director for the city of Golden Pond, Kentucky. He discusses how the Tennessee Valley Authority was founded and how it affected the life of the people along the Cumberland and Tennessee Valleys. He describes the positive and negative effects of the Tennessee Valley Authority and how the people of the region received the idea of a wildlife refuge in what is now known as the Land Between the Lakes.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry & Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 9 & 1979 June 22
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH037
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Leneave, Vance (part 2)
Biographical note: Vance Leneave was born in Golden Pond, Kentucky in 1920. His family had moved to the Land Between the Lakes region when his father was only 10 years old, from a settlement at McShawn’s Bridge. Leneave attended public schools at Cumberland and Golden Pond. He graduated high school at 15, joined the United States Navy and witnessed action during World War II, including the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Description: Vance Leneave discusses family history and his childhood experiences in his father’s general store at Bleidt, Kentucky. He speaks of his experiences in the United States Navy, the fire of 1936 and the community’s early telephone system. He also describes working at the post office, including operations against thievery, types of mailing, delivery routes and road conditions.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 April 19
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH058
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Cunningham, Wade (part 1)
Biographical note: Wade Cunningham was a Baptist preacher from Trigg County, Kentucky. He was born in Trigg County in 1905. He preached a number of years at the Cumberland Baptist Church at Cumberland, Kentucky prior the community’s acclamation by the Tennessee Valley Authority. He later preached at Baptist churches in Maple Grove and Blue Spring.
Description: Wade Cunningham discusses the activities of the Baptist Church in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky from the 1920s to the 1970s. His recollections include: the churches and places where he preached; the length of sermons; the types of church functions; Sunday school; church music; homecomings; half-time churches; tent revivals; selection of pastors; his hospital and home ministry; business meetings and controversial issues such as wine versus grape juice in the communion service, whether to use a baptistery or a creek, closed communion and church exclusions for distilling whiskey, drinking alcohol and dancing.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1977 February 15
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH045
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Ahart, Seldon
Biographical note: Seldon Ahart was born near Golden Pond, Kentucky in 1905. His parents owned and operated two small farms in Western Kentucky. Shortly before his death in the 1920s, Seldon’s father purchased a general store in the Land Between the Lakes area. For the next two decades Seldon continued to be associated with both farming and the mercantile business. At the end of the Second World War, Ahart worked as a toll collector on the Cumberland River Bridge.Seldon Ahart was born near Golden Pond, Kentucky in 1905. The family farm was situated along the Cumberland River just below Elbow Bend and near Long Creek.
Description: Seldon Ahart recalls farm operations prior to and following mechanized farming techniques. His recollections include experiences in the mercantile business and the role the general store had in a rural community. Ahart also provides many interesting observations on daily life and social conditions in the Land Between the Lakes region.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 16
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH031
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Ryan, Beulah (part 4)
Biographical note: Beulah Ryan was born in 1893 on a farm near the Cumberland River. Her family relocated to the Land Between the Lakes region in 1904. She resided at Golden Pond until her marriage in 1912. She was a member of the Golden Pond Baptist Church, which her father helped found in 1905. Ryan was an active member of the church where she was a Sunday school teacher and played the piano during services.
Description: Beulah Ryan discusses her experiences in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky from the turn of the century to the latter part of the 20th Century. She describes in detail various aspects of life on a rural Kentucky farm, area churches and religious events. Ryan also recalls stories told to her regarding the Civil War, the Night Riders, the making of illegal whiskey and food production and preservation in the Land Between the Lakes area.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 2 & 1976 July 7
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH067
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Lancaster, Helen (part 2)
Biographical note: Helen Lancaster was born January 12, 1913 in the Snyder community of Stewart County, Tennessee. She graduated Dover High School and attended Murray State Teachers College for two years. She taught at the Blue Spring School and later served as principal at the Tharpe School in the Land Between the Lakes area of Stewart County, Tennessee. Her father, Emanuel Spiceland, was both a general store owner and a teacher.
Description: Helen Lancaster discusses teaching and social conditions in the Land Between the Lakes region of Tennessee from the 1920s to the 1950s. She recalls the competition for teaching assignments, living arrangements for rural teachers, the student enrollments of rural schools and the salaries of teachers. She also describes her subsequent teaching appointments, responsibilities as principal at the Tharpe School and comments on the decline of enrollment in rural schools. She also discussed warnings given by certain community members to her grandfather to stop boarding African-Americans at his home and litigations against Tennessee Valley Authority prior to the creation of the Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 November 22
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH056
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Colston, Lillian
Biographical note: Lillian Colston was born in 1913 and resided a majority of her life in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky. She was a lifelong member of Ferguson Springs Baptist Church.
Description: Lillian Colston discusses the following: lighting in the church; homemade pews; funeral services; digging graves; the funeral hearse; places and modes of baptism; graded Sunday schools; conducting revivals; where evangelists stayed in the community; a typical Sunday service; annual revivals; monthly church services; homecomings; pastors’ salaries; Sunday afternoon activities; exclusion of members for drinking; business meetings and how the change of church location helped attendance. She also recalls and discusses all three locations of the Ferguson Springs Baptist Church.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1977 February 19
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH042
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Allen, Randolph
Biographical note: Randolph Allen was born in Christian County, Kentucky in 1919. He worked as a farmer until he attended Moody Bible Institute located in Chicago, Illinois. He was a long term pastor of the Golden Pond Baptist Church at Golden Pond, Kentucky. He served as pastor when the Tennessee Valley Authority began purchasing land in the region. The T.V.A. would eventually acquired the church property.
Description: Randolph Allen discusses the following items: local baseball; vacation bible school; dinners on the church grounds; church music and finances; selecting ministers; “shouting” in the church; primitive Baptist influence; the church offering; dinner at the home of parishioners; the effects of moonshine and the reluctance of locals to accept outsiders.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1977 March 19
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH033
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Joyce, Thelbert (part 1)
Biographical note: Thelbert Joyce was born in Trigg County, Kentucky at Golden Pond on July 30, 1918. He resided in Trigg County, Kentucky his most of his life. He was a member of the Ferguson Springs Baptist Church.
Description: Thelbert Joyce discusses the following topics; the origin of the community names of Jenny Ridge and Fungo; the history of Ferguson Springs Baptist Church; early funeral services and hearses; description of coffins; tilling corn; cleaning and dressing corps; outdoor baptizing; revivals; preaching styles; hard-shell debates; excommunication; old magistrate laws; ministers working outside the church; ordaining ministers; closed communion; wine and blackberry juice for communion; the alter of prayer; and the effect of sugar Whiskey on the church and community.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1976 November 22
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH054
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Askew, Thomas Lee
Biographical note: The Askew family arrived in Stewart County, Tennessee in 1828 from North Carolina. Thomas Lee Askew was a resident of Land Between the Lakes near Model, Tennessee.
Description: Thomas Lee Askew discusses the history of Stewart County, Tennessee. He describes northern troops occupying Dover, Tennessee during the Civil War, details on the activities of the Night Riders in southern Tennessee and the arrival of the Tennessee Valley Authority into Land Between the Lakes region. he also mentions farming methods and equipment used in the region and religious sects and churches in Tennessee.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry
Date of interview: 1976 January 4
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH034
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Cunningham, Wade (part 2)
Biographical note: Wade Cunningham was a Baptist preacher from Trigg County, Kentucky. He was born in Trigg County in 1905. He preached a number of years at the Cumberland Baptist Church at Cumberland, Kentucky prior the community’s acclamation by the Tennessee Valley Authority. He later preached at Baptist churches in Maple Grove and Blue Spring.
Description: Wade Cunningham discusses the activities of the Baptist Church in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky from the 1920s to the 1970s. His recollections include: the churches and places where he preached; the length of sermons; the types of church functions; Sunday school; church music; homecomings; half-time churches; tent revivals; selection of pastors; his hospital and home ministry; business meetings and controversial issues such as wine versus grape juice in the communion service, whether to use a baptistery or a creek, closed communion and church exclusions for distilling whiskey, drinking alcohol and dancing.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1977 February 15
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH045
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Watson, G. C. (part 1)
Biographical note: G. C. Watson resided in the Land Between the Lakes region of Tennessee from 1936 to 1967. He played an active role in the social and political affairs of the Nevil’s Creek community of Stewart County, Tennessee. In 1936, he purchased the inventory of the Cherry General Store, which he later owned and operated until 1967. The same year he purchased the store, Watson was elected magistrate for Stewart County’s Eighth District.
Description: G. C. Watson a local historian from the Land Between the Lakes region of Tennessee discusses the financial aspects of owning a small business, population dynamics and social customs of the lake communities. In addition to commenting on the history of the Stewart family, Watson provided details on the mill at Tharp, bootleggers in Stewart County and information on historical buildings and sites on the Land between the Lakes.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 18 October 1976
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH073
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Ryan, Beulah (part 1)
Biographical note: Beulah Ryan was born in 1893 on a farm near the Cumberland River. Her family relocated to the Land Between the Lakes region in 1904. She resided at Golden Pond until her marriage in 1912. She was a member of the Golden Pond Baptist Church, which her father helped found in 1905. Ryan was an active member of the church where she was a Sunday school teacher and played the piano during services.
Description: Beulah Ryan discusses her experiences in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky from the turn of the century to the latter part of the 20th Century. She describes in detail various aspects of life on a rural Kentucky farm, area churches and religious events. Ryan also recalls stories told to her regarding the Civil War, the Night Riders, the making of illegal whiskey and food production and preservation in the Land Between the Lakes area.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 2 & 1976 July 7
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH067
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Hortin, L. J. (Loren Joseph) (part 1)
Biographical note: Loren Joseph Horton was born at Albion, Illinois in 1904. He attended McKendree College at Lebanon, Illinois and graduated in 1927. After graduation he taught at various high schools in Illinois and worked as a reporter for the Saint Louis Post-Dispatch. In 1928, he was hired as a faculty member at Murray State Normal School as an instructor of journalism. From 1930 to 1947, he was a staff writer for the Associated Press, Louisville Courier-Journal and Paducah Sun-Democrat. He acquired a Master of Arts degree from Murray State College in 1943. In 1947, he became director of the School of Journalism at Ohio University in Athens, Ohio. Horton returned to Murray State in 1967 and acted as head of the journalism program until his retirement in 1974. Between 1928 and 1938, he was a member of the Executive Committee of the Lower Tennessee Valley Association, which sought to construct a dam on the lower Tennessee River. He also was the manager of the City Chamber of Commerce at Murray from 1934 to 1938. He was elected into the Kentucky Journalism Hall of Fame in 1981 and received honorary doctorates from McKendree College and Murray State University. He died on November 27, 1992.
Description: L. J. Hortin served as an executive officer of the Lower Tennessee Valley Association from 1928 to 1938. He recites a history of the Lower Tennessee Valley Association, why it was formed and what it accomplished. He remarked that the Association was not officially connected with the Tennessee Valley Authority and that the Lower Tennessee Valley Association preceded the Tennessee Valley Authority. He believes that the hardest job of the LTVA was pressuring the TVA into building a dam in Kentucky. He reviewed the tactics the organization used to construct a dam and recalls the happiest day in his life was when he received word from Senator Alben Barkley that the amendment for a dam at Gilbertsville, Kentucky had been passed. The LTVA had a membership of about 800 and had its last official meeting at the dedication of Barkley Bam, although regular meetings ceased in 1947.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Herndon, Jerry
Date of interview: 1976 February 20
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH052
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Bleidt, Mary Emma
Biographical note: Mary Emma Bleidt was born in 1909 at Golden Pond, Kentucky. Her childhood years were spent at Golden Pond where she attended the local public schools. After graduating high school she attended Bethel College in Hopkinsville, Kentucky and later Murray State University. She taught school in the Land Between the Lakes region during the 1920s and 1930s. She was appointed postmaster of Golden Pond in 1937 and held that position until 1942. Bleidt’s grandfather, William Wilson, owned and operated Wilson’s General Store at Golden Pond, which remained in business until 1946.
Description: Mary Emma Bleidt discusses managing the post office at Golden Pond, Kentucky and teaching at public schools in the Land Between the Lakes region from the 1920s to the 1940s. She also reflects upon her childhood years working at her grandfather’s general store in Golden Pond.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 9
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH038
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Allen, Bobby
Biographical note: Bobby Allen was the principal of East Calloway County Elementary School near Murray, Kentucky. He resided in the Land Between the Lakes region in the 1940s and 1950s.Bobby Allen was born in Cadiz, Kentucky on August 8, 1941. He lived in Land Between the Lakes region until adulthood.
Description: Bobby Allen discusses the following events; “Colored Day” at Cadiz; the first black person met; his place of birth; river baptisms; revival services; a typical Sunday service; transportation to church; corn and tobacco crops; Sunday school and Bible school; church attendance; ministers’ other occupations; the “Holy Rollers”; his fathers “pinhooking” for a living; foreign ministries; dog bread for communion; the amen corner; the alter of prayer; church business meetings; a description of a brush arbor; and the preaching of Reverend Wads Cunningham.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Fisk, Sammy
Date of interview: 1977 April 19
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH032
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Bogard, Genella
Biographical note: Genella Bogard was born in Trigg County, Kentucky in 1902. She was raised near the Center Furnace, Kentucky where her father worked as a night watchman at the iron foundry. As a child she attended the Hematite and Cumberland Schools. She later taught in the Land Between the Lakes region at Pryor Hollow, Golden Pond and Ferguson Springs during the 1940s. In 1923 she married Joe Bogard, known to locals as the “King of Moonshiners”. After his death in 1933, she remarried again briefly in 1941. She later worked in the old age assistance office at the Ken Lake Hotel until her retirement and subsequent displacement to Cadiz in 1966. She died in 1983 and was buried at the Bogard Family Cemetery.
Description: Genella Bogard describes her experiences living in Center Furnace, Kentucky. She recalls employment opportunities and the iron industry from her childhood. She discusses the school system in the Land Between the Lakes region and compares it to those in other areas of Kentucky. She recalls of the coexistence of black and white communities at Center Furnace and the role of African-American culture in the community. She describes the Bogard House, in which she lived for 43 years, and mentions her husband’s infamous career as the “Whiskey King”. She addresses a legend associated to Al Capone and relates some information about Joe Bogard’s finances.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 August 19
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH039
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Whitford, Christine (part 1)
Biographical note: Christine Griffin Whitford was born in September of 1913 at Model, Tennessee. In 1933, she received an appointment at the Hutchen School and began a teaching career that would span nearly thirty years and include more than half dozen schools.
Description: Christine Whitford discusses her teaching experience ranging from a one room school house to the elementary school at Dover, Tennessee. In this interview, she recalls administrative and employment practices, classroom methods and school activities. Her recollections include her father’s position as a rural rout carrier for the United States Postal Service, the nature of a small community and social lifestyle’s in the 1910s and 1920s. In addition to providing information about the educational facilities on the Land Between the Lakes, she also reflects upon the complexities of a women’s role in the middle part of the 20th Century.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 March 15
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH074
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Hamilton, Thomas (part 1)
Biographical note: Thomas Hamilton was born in Marshall County, Kentucky in 1896. He lived in the Land Between the Lakes region on his family farm on the banks of the Tennessee River. He dropped out of school in the fourth grade and spent most of his youth hunting and working on his father’s farm. As a young man Hamilton worked as a migrant worker and was employed in other states in the American southeast. He returned to Kentucky and bought a farm at Birmingham where he continued to farm until his retirement.
Description: Thomas Hamilton discusses farming and farm life from 1910 to 1970. He recalls his early experiences as a farmer and discloses methods and equipment used during the first half of the 20th Century. He explains marketing techniques and the agitation that arose over low prices. Hamilton describes social events, transportation and domestic life in the region. He also offers a detailed account of his trips to the cotton and rice fields of Alabama and Mississippi to find work. He is also mentions the Night Riders and the Moonshine industry in the Land Between the Lakes region.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 June 28
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH048
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Hooks, Wallace
Biographical note: Wallace Hooks was born near the Cumberland River in Trigg County, Kentucky in 1922. His grandfather worked at the furnace at Hemitite, Tennessee and his father was a sharecropper. Hook relocated to Alton, Illinois in 1940 to work on the railroad. He later returned to Kentucky where he worked as a carpenter at the United States Army base at Fort Campbell. He also served in the military for a short period of time.
Description: Wallace Hooks discusses the moonshine business in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky. He describes his association with Joe Bogard, the “King of Moonshiners” and the traffic of illegal whiskey in the region. He also recalls large scale farming operations in the 1930s and 1940s. Hooks remembers log buildings, the early iron furnaces and how Fungo, Kentucky was named. He also mentions the Civil War and the occupation of the Land Between the Lakes by early Native Americans.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 August 12
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH051
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Bleidt, Mary Emma
Biographical note: Mary Emma Bleidt was born in 1909 at Golden Pond, Kentucky. Her childhood years were spent at Golden Pond where she attended the local public schools. After graduating high school she attended Bethel College in Hopkinsville, Kentucky and later Murray State University. She taught school in the Land Between the Lakes region during the 1920s and 1930s. She was appointed postmaster of Golden Pond in 1937 and held that position until 1942. Bleidt’s grandfather, William Wilson, owned and operated Wilson’s General Store at Golden Pond, which remained in business until 1946.
Description: Mary Emma Bleidt discusses managing the post office at Golden Pond, Kentucky and teaching at public schools in the Land Between the Lakes region from the 1920s to the 1940s. She also reflects upon her childhood years working at her grandfather’s general store in Golden Pond.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 9
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH038
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Nance, Nancy (part 2)
Biographical note: Nancy Nance was born at Standing Rock in Stewart County, Tennessee on October 19, 1899. She attended the Mulberry Hill School near Kentucky Lake. She married and relocated near Fort Henry, Tennessee in 1922 where her husband owned and operated a farmed.
Description: Nancy Nance discusses the various customs, activities and attitudes that marked the family life of a young woman in the Land Between the Lakes region of Tennessee. Her recollections include comments on courting practices, quilting, church events and various home remedies. She delineates what chores were expected of women, as well as which events and entertainment programs were specifically for women. She also discusses gardening practices, weaving, candle making and other crafts learned from earlier generations of her family.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 September 16
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH064
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Leneave, Vance (part 1)
Biographical note: Vance Leneave was born in Golden Pond, Kentucky in 1920. His family had moved to the Land Between the Lakes region when his father was only 10 years old, from a settlement at McShawn’s Bridge. Leneave attended public schools at Cumberland and Golden Pond. He graduated high school at 15, joined the United States Navy and witnessed action during World War II, including the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Description: Vance Leneave discusses family history and his childhood experiences in his father’s general store at Bleidt, Kentucky. He speaks of his experiences in the United States Navy, the fire of 1936 and the community’s early telephone system. He also describes working at the post office, including operations against thievery, types of mailing, delivery routes and road conditions.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 April 19
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH058
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Ryan, Beulah (part 3)
Biographical note: Beulah Ryan was born in 1893 on a farm near the Cumberland River. Her family relocated to the Land Between the Lakes region in 1904. She resided at Golden Pond until her marriage in 1912. She was a member of the Golden Pond Baptist Church, which her father helped found in 1905. Ryan was an active member of the church where she was a Sunday school teacher and played the piano during services.
Description: Beulah Ryan discusses her experiences in the Land Between the Lakes region of Kentucky from the turn of the century to the latter part of the 20th Century. She describes in detail various aspects of life on a rural Kentucky farm, area churches and religious events. Ryan also recalls stories told to her regarding the Civil War, the Night Riders, the making of illegal whiskey and food production and preservation in the Land Between the Lakes area.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 July 2 & 1976 July 7
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH067
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Spiceland, Clyde
Biographical note: Clyde Spiceland was born in 1905, in the Snyder community of Stewart County, Tennessee. He was one of ten children, nine of whom entered the teaching profession. He graduated Dover High School in 1924. Soon afterwards, he received his first teaching appointment at the Bell Wood School. His teaching career covered 41 years, 38 of which were devoted to the Stewart County Educational institutions. His last position in the Land Between the Lakes region was at the Model School at Model, Tennessee, where he both taught and served as principal.
Description: Clyde Spiceland discusses his teaching career in the Land Between the Lakes region of Tennessee from the 1920s to the 1960s. He describes the teaching positions he held, the location of those appointments, his responsibilities and his assessment of the one room schoolhouse in rural communities. Spiceland comments upon graduation ceremonies, standardized testing and the availability of books for students. Due to the extent and length of his evolvement with Stewart County schools, he is able to recall certificate requirements, salary increases, employment practices and the gradual movement toward consolidation of schools. On the personal side, Spiceland adds some illuminating details to the history of his family as well as personal memories on various incidents.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 November 24
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH070
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Martin, Sallie (part 1)
Biographical note: Sallie Martin was born in Stewart County, Tennessee in 1901. She resided at the Standing Rock community and began teaching at Stewart County High School in 1919 at the age of eighteen. She later relocated to Murray, Kentucky and enrolled at Murray State Teachers College. After receiving her degree she returned to Tennessee and taught at Fort Henry and Dover until her retirement in 1966.
Description: Sallie Martin discusses her experiences as a social sciences teacher and teacher-principal at Dover Elementary School. She recalls administrative and employment practices, classroom methods and school activities. Her recollections of individual experiences with children are interwoven with descriptions of physical school facilities and teaching aids.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 October 15
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH061
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Harrell, Sadie (part 1)
Biographical note: Sadie Harrell was a resident of the Land Between the Lakes region from her birth in Stewart County, Tennessee in 1898 until her and husband’s displacement in 1965. She went to school in Rushing Creek in Stewart County and to high school at Model. She taught at Rushing Creek and Ginger Creek in Stewart County.
Description: Sadie Harrell discusses her knowledge of one room schools in both Stewart County, Tennessee and Trigg County, Kentucky. She relates her experiences in the school system from the time of her attendance until the end of her teaching career. She also describes her experiences in the boating and motel business that she and her husband operated.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 June 26
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH049
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
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Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Harrell, Sadie (part 2)
Biographical note: Sadie Harrell was a resident of the Land Between the Lakes region from her birth in Stewart County, Tennessee in 1898 until her and husband’s displacement in 1965. She went to school in Rushing Creek in Stewart County and to high school at Model. She taught at Rushing Creek and Ginger Creek in Stewart County.
Description: Sadie Harrell discusses her knowledge of one room schools in both Stewart County, Tennessee and Trigg County, Kentucky. She relates her experiences in the school system from the time of her attendance until the end of her teaching career. She also describes her experiences in the boating and motel business that she and her husband operated.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Sullivan, David
Date of interview: 1976 June 26
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH049
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.
View the MP3 document
Title of Collection: The Land Between the Lakes - Oral History
Name of person interviewed: Whitford, Christine (part 2)
Biographical note: Christine Griffin Whitford was born in September of 1913 at Model, Tennessee. In 1933, she received an appointment at the Hutchen School and began a teaching career that would span nearly thirty years and include more than half dozen schools.
Description: Christine Whitford discusses her teaching experience ranging from a one room school house to the elementary school at Dover, Tennessee. In this interview, she recalls administrative and employment practices, classroom methods and school activities. Her recollections include her father’s position as a rural rout carrier for the United States Postal Service, the nature of a small community and social lifestyle’s in the 1910s and 1920s. In addition to providing information about the educational facilities on the Land Between the Lakes, she also reflects upon the complexities of a women’s role in the middle part of the 20th Century.
Descriptors: Land Between the Lakes (Ky. and Tenn.) – History.
Interviewed by: Hopkins, Margaret
Date of interview: 1976 March 15
Contributed by: Jackson Purchase Oral History Project.
Identification number: OH074
Location: Murray State University Special Collections & Archives.